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SHOTLIST Laguna, Philippines - November 2005 1. Organic farmer Gil Carandang (in white shirt) with tomato plants at organic vegetable garden 2. Tomato plant, Caradang weeding plant 3. Caretaker spraying Carandang's micro-organisms mixture on tomato plants 4. Carandang giving seminar 5. Mid of Carandang giving seminar UPSOUND (English) Gil Carandang, organic farmer: "Nothing goes in, nothing goes out..." 6. Various of seminar attendees made up of farmers and entrepreneurs 7. Seminar in progress 8. Seminar attendees, pull focus to close up of pink flower 9. SOUNDBITE: (English) Gil Carandang, organic farmer: "One of the two major problems or concern of any farmer..." 10. Carandang showing where he stores micro-organisms, pan down to containers where micro-organisms stored UPSOUND (English) Gil Carandang, organic farmer: "So we use milk." 11. Close up of forest microbes on cooked rice 12. UPSOUND (English) Gil Carandang, organic farmer: "Looking at it, you can see soil, you can see organic matter..." 13. Container where beneficial microbes thriving (blue bucket), Carandang showing how microbes are 'grown' 14. Close up of bottled form of micro-organisms 15. Close up of another of Carandang's products in bottled form with beneficial indigenous micro-organisms 16. SOUNDBITE (English) Armando Aquino, agricultural researcher and consultant "Actually, the first time they use it of course, the yield is quite lower..." Batangas, Philippines - November, 2005 17. Farmers harvesting sugarcane at Luna sugarcane plantation 18. Farmer and caretaker Carlos Andaya, zoom out farmer cutting sugarcane 19. Close up cut sugarcane 20. Farmers harvesting sugarcane 21. SOUNDBITE (Tagalog) Carlos Andaya, farmer and caretaker at Luna Sugarcane Plantation: "It has a big difference..." Laguna, Philippines - November, 2005 22. Carandang at vegetable garden 23. Vegetable patch 24. SOUNDBITE: (English) Gil Carandang, organic farmer: "I wanted to provide an alternative farming system..." 25. Plant growing 26. Farmland SUGGESTED LEAD-IN As environmental awareness grows, sustainable and organic farming is gaining popularity. One way farmers in the Philippines are avoiding chemical fertilisers is by using safe micro-organisms. They're not only inexpensive, but they help increase productivity and soil quality. VOICE-OVER: Tomatoes are one of the organic crops grown in the Philippines. And it's largely thanks to this man, Gil Caradang. He aims to spread the organic farming message -- especially the use of micro-organisms. He runs seminars for farmers at his farm near the capital Manila. UPSOUND (English) "Nothing goes in nothing goes out. Whatever you take from the land you have to put it back." SUPER CAPTION: Gil Carandang, organic farmer: Carandang hopes his seminars encourage farmers to use alternatives to chemicals. By showing them how to improve soil with microbes, he hopes to help them reduce farming costs -- and to protect the environment. SOUNDBITE (English) "One of the two major problems or concern of any farmer is one, to improve soil fertility and second is the control of pest and diseases. These beneficial microbes is very pivotal in improving soil fertility and pest control for the simple reason that the microbes help in breaking down available food in a particular ecosystem that make it available to the plant.". SUPER CAPTION: Gil Carandang, organic farmer UPSOUND "So we use milk." SUPER CAPTION: Gil Carandang, organic farmer This is how the microbes are cultivated. No fancy techniques -- just bacteria and fungi gathered from a local forest, mixed with everyday ingredients. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/d160b558ff3a2a49d50070b1a5244fa4 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork